Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.
- Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.
- Injection routes.
- Sublingual and buccal routes.
- Rectal route.
- Vaginal route.
- Ocular route.
- Otic route.
- Nasal route.
What is route of administration of drugs?
A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.
How do you administer medication safely?
Start with the basics
- Verify any medication order and make sure it’s complete.
- Check the patient’s medical record for an allergy or contraindication to the prescribed medication.
- Prepare medications for one patient at a time.
- Educate patients about their medications.
- Follow the eight rights of medication administration.
What are the 5 routes of drug administration?
For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.
What does method of administration mean?
A route of administration is the means by which a drug or agent enters the body, such as by mouth or by injection. Various routes of administration are possible, including oral, topical, and parenteral. A parenteral route of administration may be required when the oral route cannot be used.