What Are The 5 Functions Of Hardware?

What are the 5 major hardware components of a typical computer?

The hardware components—video card, processor, memory, motherboard and hard drive—are the same for all computer systems.

  • Central Processing Unit (CPU) The CPU is the “brains” of the computer.
  • Random Access Memory (RAM) RAM is variable in a computer.
  • Hard Drive.
  • Video Card.
  • Motherboard.

What are the major components of computer hardware?

Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. This includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. It also includes all the parts inside the computer case, such as the hard disk drive, motherboard, video card, and many others.

What are the four main functions of computer hardware?

Quick Answer. At a fundamental level, computers operate through these four functions: input, output, processing, and storage. Input: the transfer of information into the system (e.g., through a keyboard). Output: the presentation of information to the user (e.g., on a screen).

What are the 7 major components of a computer?

7 Major Components of Computer

  1. The Motherboard. Motherboard is simply a Circuit Board which is Printed that contains the principal components of the computer with connectors.
  2. The CPU. CPU stands for Central Processing Unit .
  3. The RAM.
  4. The Hard Drive.
  5. The Video Card or Graphics Card.
  6. The Power Supply.
  7. The Optical Drive.

What are the 10 parts of computer?

10 Parts that make up a Computer

  • Memory.
  • Hard Drive or Solid State Drive.
  • Video card.
  • Motherboard.
  • Processor.
  • Power Supply.
  • Monitor.
  • Keyboard and Mouse.

What are the 5 types of hardware?

There are five parts of computer hardware that can be found in most computer systems, from smart phones to desktop computers: processor, primary storage, secondary storage, input devices and output devices.

What is ROM in computer?

Short for read-only memory, ROM is a storage medium that is used with computers and other electronic devices. Unlike RAM (random access memory), ROM is non-volatile, which means it keeps its contents regardless of whether or not it has power.

What is element of computer?

Although the specific architecture of different types of computers may be different, all computers accomplish data processing using five basic elements of the computer system: input, output, datapath, control and memory.

What is a function in computer?

(1) In programming, a named section of a program that performs a specific task. In this sense, a function is a type of procedure or routine. Some programming languages make a distinction between a function, which returns a value, and a procedure, which performs some operation but does not return a value.

What is computer hardware and its functions?

a) COMPUTER HARDWARE

Hardware refers to the physical, tangible computer equipment and devices, which provide support for major functions such as input, processing (internal storage, computation and control), output, secondary storage (for data and programs), and communication.

What is the function of CPU?

Definitions. The central processing unit (CPU) of a computer is a piece of hardware that carries out the instructions of a computer program. It performs the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of a computer system.

What is the meaning of CPU?

CPU (pronounced as separate letters) is the abbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred to simply as the central processor, but more commonly called a processor, the CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.

What is a computer made of?

A computer is made up of the following components: the hardware and the soft ware. The hardware are the parts of computer itself including the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and related microchips and micro-circuitry, keyboards, monitors, case and drives (floppy, hard, CD, DVD, optical, tape, etc).

What are the 8 main parts of a computer?

A basic computer has at least 8 basic components which include a computer case or tower, motherboard, Central Processing Unit (CPU), Power Supply Unit (PSU), Random Access Memory (RAM), hard drive (HDD), Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) and some type of optical drive which would be your CD/DVD drive.

How many parts are in a PC?

The essential parts are the CPU, Graphics Card, RAM, Motherboard, Power supply, without them you can’t even run the PC, so you only need 5 major parts to make a PC run, if we wanted to add an operating system and make a pc do its purpose then we add a hard drive with makes that 6, an optical drive and sound card then

What are the 3 parts of CPU?

The CPU is made up of three main parts:

  1. Control Unit this part controls the input and output devices.
  2. Arithmetic Logic Unit this is the part that does all the working out: it does all the maths and makes the decisions.
  3. Immediate Access Store this is the memory available for programmes and data.

What are computer parts called?

(Links to an external site.) The basic parts of a desktop computer are the computer case,monitor, keyboard, mouse, and power cord. Each part plays animportant role whenever you use a computer.