What Are The 6 Routes Of Drug Administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.

  • Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.
  • Injection routes.
  • Sublingual and buccal routes.
  • Rectal route.
  • Vaginal route.
  • Ocular route.
  • Otic route.
  • Nasal route.

What are the 6 R’s of drug administration?

something known as the ‘6 R’s’, which stands for right resident, right medicine, right route, right dose, right time, resident’s right to refuse.

What are the main routes of drug administration?

The way by which illicit drugs can be administered or taken into the body are numerous. These routes include the oral route, transdermal, inhalation, and intravenous injection.

What determines how a drug is administered?

Two main factors determine whether or not a drug will reach its intended site of action in the body: The bioavailability of the drug; How the drug is given (route of administration).

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What exactly is a drug?

A drug is any substance (with the exception of food and water) which, when taken into the body, alters the body’s function either physically and/or psychologically. Drugs may be legal (e.g. alcohol, caffeine and tobacco) or illegal (e.g. cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine and heroin).

What are the 12 rights of medication administration?

12). The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What is meant by controlled drugs?

A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated by law. The controlled substances do not include many prescription items such as antibiotics.

What are the principles of safe medication administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

How can I reduce the side effects of drugs?

Prevention and management strategies:

  1. If due to antibiotic use, talk to your doctor about taking probiotics.
  2. Talk to your doctor about antidiarrheal medication.
  3. Ask doctor about reducing the dosage of your drug or other suitable treatments.
  4. Keep up your fluid and electrolyte intake to avoid dehydration.

What is otic route?

Otic route

Ear drops containing solutions or suspensions are typically applied only to the outer ear canal. Drugs that can be given by the otic route include hydrocortisone (to relieve inflammation), ciprofloxacin (to treat infection), and benzocaine (to numb the ear).

What is high risk medication use?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

What are parenteral drugs?

Parenteral drugs refer to drugs using non-oral means of administration by injecting the drug directly into the body typically through three common routes of administration: intramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous.

Why is oral route preferred?

The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits. These advantages include safety, good patient compliance, ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, and versatility to accommodate various types of drugs (Sastry et al., 2000).

What is the effect of drug?

Effects of drug abuse and addiction

Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent. They can even continue after a person has stopped taking the substance.

What is an example of a drug?

Types and Examples of Designer Drugs

We all know different types of illegal street drugs: cocaine, heroin, and (in most states) marijuana. It is no surprise that possessing and using these substances is against the law. Another common example of a designer drug is ecstasy.

Can a person be addicting?

Addictions come in many forms. An addiction to a person involves obsessive thoughts about the relationship, feelings of hope, anticipation, waiting, confusion, and desperation. Addictive relationships are toxic and very powerful. Healthy relationships do not involve constant drama and continual feelings of longing.