What Are The Basic Parts Of Computer Hardware?

What are the 10 major hardware components of a computer system?

Hardware

  • Monitor.
  • Motherboard.
  • CPU(Microprocessor.
  • Main memory(RAM)
  • Expansion cards.
  • Power supply unit.
  • Optical disc drive.
  • Hard disk drive (HDD).

What are the parts of computer hardware?

Computer hardware includes the physical, tangible parts or components of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard. By contrast, software is instructions that can be stored and run by hardware.

What are the 5 hardware components of a computer?

The hardware components—video card, processor, memory, motherboard and hard drive—are the same for all computer systems.

  1. Central Processing Unit (CPU) The CPU is the “brains” of the computer.
  2. Random Access Memory (RAM) RAM is variable in a computer.
  3. Hard Drive.
  4. Video Card.
  5. Motherboard.

What is ROM in computer?

Short for read-only memory, ROM is a storage medium that is used with computers and other electronic devices. Unlike RAM (random access memory), ROM is non-volatile, which means it keeps its contents regardless of whether or not it has power.

What is computer hardware and its functions?

a) COMPUTER HARDWARE

Hardware refers to the physical, tangible computer equipment and devices, which provide support for major functions such as input, processing (internal storage, computation and control), output, secondary storage (for data and programs), and communication.

How many parts are there in computer?

4

What is the meaning of CPU?

CPU (pronounced as separate letters) is the abbreviation for central processing unit. Sometimes referred to simply as the central processor, but more commonly called a processor, the CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.

What are the three main parts of a CPU?

The CPU is made up of three main parts:

  • Control Unit this part controls the input and output devices.
  • Arithmetic Logic Unit this is the part that does all the working out: it does all the maths and makes the decisions.
  • Immediate Access Store this is the memory available for programs and data.

What is the function of CPU?

Definitions. The central processing unit (CPU) of a computer is a piece of hardware that carries out the instructions of a computer program. It performs the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of a computer system.

What makes a computer work?

Artwork: A computer works by combining input, storage, processing, and output. All the main parts of a computer system are involved in one of these four processes. Input: Your keyboard and mouse, for example, are just input units—ways of getting information into your computer that it can process.

What are computer basics?

A computer is a programmable machine designed to perform arithmetic and logical operations automatically and sequentially on the input given by the user and gives the desired output after processing. Hardware is the machine itself and its connected devices such as monitor, keyboard, mouse etc.

What do u mean by ROM?

ROM – Read Only Memory. ROM refers to a type of memory storage which is ‘non-volatile’, meaning it does not require constant power to retain its information. Although true ROM cannot have its contents altered, newer technologies such as EPROM and EEPROM are also referred to as ROM devices.

What are the types of ROM?

There are five basic ROM types:

  1. ROM.
  2. PROM.
  3. EPROM.
  4. EEPROM.
  5. Flash memory.

Why is ROM so important?

Range of motion exercises are performed to help maintain flexibility and mobility at the joint performed. In individuals who cannot perform active ROM exercises, passive ROM exercises can help reduce stiffness of a joint and keep it from freezing from a lack of movement.